joannicolas

Re: [Precision ADCs] - Re: AD7656 occasional bad data 2

Discussion created by joannicolas on Feb 21, 2017
Latest reply on Feb 22, 2017 by jcolao

Dear Jonathan,

 

 

Thank you for your response. I send you an e-mail instead of using the

EngineerZone of the webpage because I have attached some documents.

 

 

The response to your inquiries is described below.

 

 

1) Description of the problem:

 

 

As I commented in the previous post, we are having exactly the same

problem reported in the following

link:https://ez.analog.com/message/74467#74467

<https://ez.analog.com/thread/18413#74467>.

 

 

What happens to us is that from time to time we obtain strange data in

all channels from the ADC converter. It appears to work well during a

certain time (it can be 5 seconds, 10 seconds, 20 seconds,...), but

suddenly all the channels show up very strange and repeatable values.

 

 

The two most repeated combinations of values are the following ones:

 

a) All channels take the same value: 0011 1111 1111.

 

b) Some channels: 0011 0000 0000 and the remaining ones: 0000 1111 1111.

 

 

It seems that as it is a successive approximation ADC, for any reason

one of the most significant bits is set wrongly to 1 or 0, and then the

remaining bits "try to compensate the error".

 

 

We detect this malfunctioning because some of the obtained values are

outside of the allowed range, then the system stops (it is programmed in

this way), and we can consult the last values obtained from the ADC

before stopping. Probably, the problem also happens with less

significant bits and we don't realize because the obtained values are

within the allowed range.

 

 

2) Details of the set-up:

 

 

First of all, I would like to remark that in a first prototype we built

1 year ago, we already had the same problem that we are having right

know in the current second prototype.

 

 

In the first prototype, we used a FPGA-based DE0 Altera educational

board to control the AD7658 with serial interface. That prototype was

built upon an bakelite hole board, so we didn't have digital and analog

ground planes. We experienced the mentioned problem, but we thought that

with a new better designed PCB-based prototype, this problem will

disappear. However, we are still having the same problem with the new

prototype.

 

 

In the current second prototype there are some differences compared to

the first one: 1) It is built in a PCB board with analog and digital

ground planes. 2) We are using the new version of the AD converter

(AD7658-1). 3) We control the AD7658-1 with parallel interface

(previously was serial).

 

 

In both designs:1) the reference voltage is 5 V. 2) we are using the

recommended decoupling capacitors (in the new design with AD7658-1 is

actually oversized). 3) Five channels are used (the remaining one is

connected to analog ground).

 

 

In the second prototype, we control the AD7658 using the signals

/start/, /busy/, /ncs /and /nrd /as shown in the figure below. Signal

/cad_dades/ represents the output data of the ADC converter.

 

 

 

Please see the documents attached for further details about the set-up.

 

 

3) Documents attached:

 

 

Please find attached the following documents (all the documents

correspond to the second prototype):

 

 

1) Schematic: The whole schematic of the board. ADC circuit is on page

2. Power supplies are on page 11.

 

 

2) Layout 1: Overview.

 

3) Layout 2: A little bit zoomed in (ADC + FPGA + Power Supply of the ADC)

 

4) Layout 3: More zoomed in (ADC).

 

5) Layout 4: Same zoom as Layout 3, but better to distinguish analog and

digital ground planes. The planes are in an inner layer and are

separated by the thick green line. They are shorted through the pads

that can be seen below the words "digital ground" and "analog ground"

using small wire (see picture 2).

 

 

6) Picture 1: Overview.

 

7) Picture 2: FPGA.

 

 

If you have any question, please do not hesitate to contact me.

 

 

We would be very grateful if you can help us.

 

 

Best regards,

 

Joan Nicolás

 

 

 

 

 

On 17/02/2017 3:05, jcolao wrote:

>

  EngineerZone <https://ez.analog.com/?et=watches.email.thread>

 

>

    Re: AD7656 occasional bad data 2

 

reply from jcolao

<https://ez.analog.com/people/jcolao?et=watches.email.thread> in

/Precision ADCs/ - View the full discussion

<https://ez.analog.com/message/289656?commentID=289656&et=watches.email.thread#comment-289656>

 

------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

Hello Joannicolas,

 

   There are times when the problem manifestation are the same but the

source of the issues are different. As you mentioned you have shorted

both analog and digital ground but did not resolved the issue. The

AD7656 has supply and reference pins. Please  make sure that all the

recommended capacitors in the supply, reference and refcap pins are

present. May I know some details of your set up. What is your

reference voltage? If it is okay for you to share your schematic or

layout so we can have a better understanding of the problem. How does

the bad data look like? if there is a plot of the output code of good

and bad data then it will be helpful.

 

Regards,

 

Jonathan

 

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--

Dr. Joan Nicolás Apruzzese

 

Dept. d'Enginyeria Electrònica

Escola Tècnica Superior d'Enginyeria Industrial de Barcelona

Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya

Av. Diagonal, 647, planta 9

08028-Barcelona

Telf.: (+34) 934017152 /605936199

http://grep.upc.edu/

 

 

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