1 Reply Latest reply: Dec 15, 2011 6:08 AM by PatrickN RSS

    Run a specific function from SRAM (GNU GCC Compilation Tools)

    PatrickN

      Hi,

       

      How do I run a specific function from SRAM? I am using the GCC compiler within the Keil uVision Environment.

        • 1. Re: Run a specific function from SRAM (GNU GCC Compilation Tools)
          PatrickN

          Running code from SRAM in GNU GCC is possible but not as convenient as the RealView compiler.

           

           

          First of all , you need the –mlong-calls switch specified to the compiler. This is needed as calling functions in flash from sram or vice-versa require a branch instruction that can branch “further away”.

           

           

          Then you need the following in an accessible header file or at the top of a C file that will use it

           

          #define RAMFUNC __attribute__ ((long_call, section (".ramfunctions")))

           

          This is a macro for a function attribute which you can apply to a function that you want in SRAM. It really just places the function in a section called “.ramfunctions”, where it would be placed in a section called “.text” by default. (We need to update the linker script in a later step to tell the linker what to do with .ramfunctions).

           

          You can apply this to specific functions like shown below. (You have to apply it to the prototype as well).

           

          RAMFUNC void MyRAMFunc(unsigned uiNumsamples) ;

           

          RAMFUNC void MyRAMFunc(unsigned uiNumsamples)              

          {

          // Function Body

          }

           

          That works for C functions, you need to put something like this at the top of assembler functions (again putting the code into an appropriately named sections).

           

          .section ".ramfunctions"

          .align 8

          .global PutOneChar

          .thumb

          .thumb_func

          .type     PutOneChar, %function

           

           

           

          Then in the linker script file (*.ld) you need something like the line in red below inserted to tell the linker to put the functions marked as .ramfunctions into SRAM.

           

            .data : AT (_etext)

            {

                          _data = .;

                          *(vtable vtable.*)

                          *(.data .data.*)

                          *(.gnu.linkonce.d*)

                          . = ALIGN(4);

              *(.ramfunctions) /* !!!! Placing functions in .ramfunctions section in RAM */

                          _edata = . ;

            } > SRAM

           

          This will store the function in flash to begin with, then copy it automatically into SRAM before it gets executed

          (almost identical to how initialised variables are handled)

           

           

          Just place RAMFUNC on any function that you want in RAM.

           

          Bear in mind that the attribute should be applied to any function that this function calls as well.