2 cell battery charging with multiple inputs

Hello

I am adding another power input and a charger to an existing product and the input circuitry is starting to get unwieldy. I am looking for suggestions to simplify.

There are three power sources, a DC barrel input, a USB-C input (up to 15V) and a 2 cell Li-Ion battery.

There is also a battery charger (LTC4002) that should charge the battery from the DC barrel or the USB-C connector.

The battery is external and the device must work without a battery attached. So it seems that I will need some sort of power path solution. 

Image 1 shows the first idea. This will not work unless there is a battery attached. Correct?

Image 2 shows a simple power path which I think might not work after all. I try to avoid ORing inputs with diodes as they generate too much heat in this application. D13 in image 2 could be replaced with 2 Mosfets but now the whole thing is starting to look overly complicated. And R104 might never be able to pull down the gate of Q15(?)

I've looked around but can't find a battery charger for 2 cells with two inputs and powerpath. Any suggestions on  alternative parts or simpler solutions are most welcome.

/Morten

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  • Hi Morten,

    You're right, for a 2-cell battery we do not have any options that have a built-in ORing function on the input. I recommend that you use an ideal diode controller on the input and then pass power to a standard battery charger, as you have done in your schematic.

    As for the output PowerPath, we have chargers that include this functionality so you will not need to do it manually. I recommend that you take a look at LTC4162-L. It offers many other features that you may find helpful. Note that although it offers I2C control, you can use it as a standalone charger as well.

    Regards,


    Zack

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  • Hi Morten,

    You're right, for a 2-cell battery we do not have any options that have a built-in ORing function on the input. I recommend that you use an ideal diode controller on the input and then pass power to a standard battery charger, as you have done in your schematic.

    As for the output PowerPath, we have chargers that include this functionality so you will not need to do it manually. I recommend that you take a look at LTC4162-L. It offers many other features that you may find helpful. Note that although it offers I2C control, you can use it as a standalone charger as well.

    Regards,


    Zack

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