2011-06-15 10:35:09     Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

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2011-06-15 10:35:09     Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

Gilles Ganault (FRANCE)

Message: 101287   

Hello,

 

The NAND holds two partitions: /dev/mtd1 for the kernel, and /dev/mtd2 for the Ubifs root filesystem.

 

Apparently, uImage = vmImage + rootfs.ext2, where vmImage is the Uboot-friendly, compressed kernel.

 

Since /dev/mtd2 already holds the root filesystem, upgrading the kernel with uImage would waste space since it has rootfs.ext2 appended, so I tried to use vmImage instead:

 

1. Booted appliance with uImage

2. Formated /dev/mtd2 with rootfs.ubi.img

3. Rebooted

4. set bootargs ubi.mtd=2 root=ubi0:rootfs rw rootfstype=ubifs

5. Downloaded vmImage through tftp

6. Ran vmImage: The root filesystem seems to load OK, but uClinux complains after mounting it:

 

...

UBIFS: mounted UBI device 0, volume 0, name "rootfs"

UBIFS: file system size:   251596800 bytes (245700 KiB, 239 MiB, 1950 LEBs)

UBIFS: journal size:       9033728 bytes (8822 KiB, 8 MiB, 71 LEBs)

UBIFS: media format:       w4/r0 (latest is w4/r0)

UBIFS: default compressor: lzo

UBIFS: reserved for root:  0 bytes (0 KiB)

VFS: Mounted root (ubifs filesystem) on device 0:10.

Freeing unused kernel memory: 104k freed

Instruction fetch CPLB miss

<5> - CPLB miss on an instruction fetch.

Deferred Exception context

CURRENT PROCESS:

COMM=init PID=1  CPU=0

TEXT = 0x02240000-0x02242994        DATA = 0x0211f994-0x0211fdcc

BSS = 0x0211fdcc-0x02260000  USER-STACK = 0x0227fed0

 

return address: [0x02248c60]; contents of:

0x02248c40:  5d08  0000  0712  0000  5d0c  0000  0712  0000

0x02248c50:  5d10  0000  0712  0000  0000  0000  0000  0000

0x02248c60: [e300] 0002  3127  6f06  3068  3071  307a  e100

0x02248c70:  0c64  e140  0000  e101  4b0c  e141  0000  e102

 

ADSP-BF532-0.5 400(MHz CCLK) 133(MHz SCLK) (mpu off)

 

Next, I tried booting with vmlinux, but Uboot won't allow this ("Bad Magic Number").

 

How can compile just the uClinux kernel, without rootfs.ubifs appended?

 

Thank you.

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2011-06-15 23:36:09     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

Sonic Zhang (CHINA)

Message: 101294   

 

You can disable initramfs and ext2 fs support in kernel and build a new uImage.

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2011-06-16 07:02:49     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

Gilles Ganault (FRANCE)

Message: 101320   

 

Thanks Sonic for the tip, but no go :-/

 

I use the following to have the kernel use the NAND for the root filesystem:

 

 

 

uboot> print bootargs

 

bootargs=ethaddr=00:09:45:56:72:9b console=ttyBF0,115200 rootfstype=ubifs ubi.mtd=2 root=ubi0:rootfs rw

 

uboot> tftp 0x1000000 vmImage

 

uboot> bootm 0x1000000

 

 

 

 

After reading this thread, I recompiled the kernel with MPU: The kernel is stuck at "VFS: Mounted root (ubifs filesystem) on device 0:10", and doesn't display any more information. I must hard-reboot the appliance.

 

Next, I disabled MPU, and also disabled both Initramfs and ext2 fs, but got a kernel panic:

 

 

 

 

 

...

 

 

 

List of all partitions:

 

1f00            8504 mtdblock0 (driver?)

 

No filesystem could mount root, tried:  vfat msdos

 

Kernel panic - not syncing: VFS: Unable to mount root fs on unknown-block(31,0)

 

 

 

 

Next, I disabled Initramfs, but kept ext2:

...

VFS: Mounted root (ubifs filesystem) on device 0:10.

Freeing unused kernel memory: 96k freed

Instruction fetch CPLB miss

<5> - CPLB miss on an instruction fetch.

Deferred Exception context

 

Finally, I disabled ext2 and kept Initramfs: Same error as above ("Instruction fetch CPLB miss").

 

Has someone successfully built kernel with no attached root filesystem?

 

Thank you.

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2011-06-16 08:04:34     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

Gilles Ganault (FRANCE)

Message: 101322   

 

BTW, with Initramfs and ext2 disabled, there's no uImage, that's why I use vmImage:

 

 

 

/usr/src/uClinux-dist-2010R1-RC5# ll images/

 

-rw-r--r--  1 root root 5289984 2011-06-16 14:05 rootfs.ubifs

 

-rw-r--r--  1 root root 1131241 2011-06-16 14:05 vmImage

 

-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root 2698290 2011-06-16 14:05 vmlinux*

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2011-06-19 13:36:56     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

Mike Frysinger (UNITED STATES)

Message: 101457   

 

like the documentation says, the vmImage doesnt have a rootfs attached.  there is no code in the dist which will ever attach a flash based fs to the kernel.

 

post the full crash message.  also post your kernel configs (run `make bugreport` and post the tarball as an attachment).

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2011-06-20 05:01:31     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

Gilles Ganault (FRANCE)

Message: 101471   

 

> like the documentation says, the vmImage doesnt have a rootfs attached.  there is no code in the dist which will ever attach a flash based fs to the kernel.

 

Is the issue specifically with flash, while it's possible to compile just the kernel (without a basic root fs in ext2 attached to it, provided all the modules are statically compiled in the kernel) and have it find the root fs elsewhere (hard-drive) through the "root=" option?

 

Currently, vmImage is about 1MB while with the attached ext2 fs, it goes up to 3.5MB. That's why I was wondering if I could avoid attaching the 2.5 mini-root fs since a root fs is available in the NAND.

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2011-06-20 07:44:18     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

Mike Frysinger (UNITED STATES)

Message: 101474   

 

like the documentation says, vmImage never has a rootfs attached.  only uImages have rootfs's.

 

the crash you're seeing most likely has nothing to do with this.  you'd have to post the full output and not just a snippet.

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2011-06-20 08:48:46     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

Gilles Ganault (FRANCE)

Message: 101476   

 

I attached the log when running vmImage and using the root filesystem in the NAND

 

vmImage.ubifs.txt

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2011-06-20 11:00:26     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

Mike Frysinger (UNITED STATES)

Message: 101487   

 

please tweak your config as the log hinted and post a new one:

 

No trace since you do not have CONFIG_DEBUG_BFIN_NO_KERN_HWTRACE enabled

 

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2011-06-20 18:06:56     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

Gilles Ganault (FRANCE)

Message: 101499   

 

I recompiled vmImage with "CONFIG_DEBUG_BFIN_NO_KERN_HW=y" and attached the log.

 

vmImage.ubifs.txt

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2011-06-23 10:05:30     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

James Kosin (UNITED STATES)

Message: 101612   

 

Mike,

 

Here it looks like the kernel may still be trying to boot from the RAMFS?

 

mtd: Giving out device 3 to rootfs

 

James

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2011-06-23 18:27:17     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

Gilles Ganault (FRANCE)

Message: 101631   

 

Thanks James, but the kernel always says "mtd: Giving out device 3 to rootfs", no matter which image I'm booting (uImage or vmImage), with the root filesystem in the second partition of the NAND formatted as Ubifs.

 

"rootfs" is the name I chose in ubi.cfg before running "ubinize".

 

I made sure that all modules are statically compiled in the kernel, thus not needing an attached initramfs root fs. Still crashes :-/

 

Has someone successfully used vmImage with a root filesystem on a flash memory?

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2011-06-24 08:19:42     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

James Kosin (UNITED STATES)

Message: 101656   

 

Gilles,

 

Don't know....  I started to try but every attempt to use the rootfs.jffs2 file created in my case ended up with failure.  As a result, I just have part of my file system '/home' broken off into the NAND partition and not the entire filesystem.

 

This way, I have a secure OS layer that shouldn't need updating and a /home area for our applications that may change.  Do let me know if you find out anything, I've not been able to find good documentation anywhere on how to do it properly for the blackfin.  I'm using the bf537....

 

James

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2011-06-24 09:51:46     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

Gilles Ganault (FRANCE)

Message: 101661   

 

Thanks for the feedback. I use Ubifs instead of Jffs2, and would rather have the whole root fs on the NAND so as to keep as much RAM available since it only has 64MB.

 

I can live with a 3.5MB kernel + ext2 RAM fs, but I wanted to check if it weren't possible to strip the root fs and only use the 1MB kernel.

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2011-06-24 14:43:54     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

Mike Frysinger (UNITED STATES)

Message: 101666   

 

that makes it look like userspace is crashing for some reason.  i wonder if all the files are being loaded correctly out of the rootfs ...

 

then since userspace failed, you get:

Kernel panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill init!

 

and then the kernel panics and aborts as expected

 

are you able to boot up a kernel with an ext2 attached to it, then mount the ubifs from there, and then chroot into the mount and execute programs ?

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2011-06-24 14:44:36     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

Mike Frysinger (UNITED STATES)

Message: 101667   

 

yes, what you desire should be doable.  we just have to figure out why it isnt working.

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2011-06-25 07:07:06     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

Gilles Ganault (FRANCE)

Message: 101684   

 

Yes, I can successfully boot up with uImage (ie. kernel + ext2 root fs), mount the Ubifs partition, chroot to it, and run applications from /bin:

 

root:~> ubiattach /dev/ubi_ctrl -m 2

root:~>  mdev -s

root:~>  ubinfo /dev/ubi0 -a

 

root:~>  mount -t ubifs ubi0:rootfs /mnt

UBIFS: recovery needed

UBIFS: recovery completed

UBIFS: mounted UBI device 0, volume 0, name "rootfs"

UBIFS: file system size:   251596800 bytes (245700 KiB, 239 MiB, 1950 LEBs)

UBIFS: journal size:       9033728 bytes (8822 KiB, 8 MiB, 71 LEBs)

UBIFS: media format:       w4/r0 (latest is w4/r0)

UBIFS: default compressor: lzo

UBIFS: reserved for root:  0 bytes (0 KiB)

 

root:~> chroot /mnt

 

/ # cd bin

/bin # ./version

kernel:    Linux release 2.6.34.7-ADI-2010R1, build #76 Wed Jun 22 01:03:10 CEST 2011

toolchain: bfin-linux-uclibc-gcc release gcc version 4.3.5 (ADI-2010R1-RC4)

user-dist: release 2010R1, build #88 Wed Jun 15 15:17:45 CEST 2011

 

/bin # ./scanelf -qn strace

libgcc_s.so.1,libc.so.0  strace

 

If the kernel boots OK and I can mount the Ubifs partition from the second partition in the NAND, what could cause the kernel to abort?

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2011-06-29 09:06:49     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

James Kosin (UNITED STATES)

Message: 101863   

 

Mike,

 

I'm sure it is related to the issues I've had, just don't know where to start.  Since there isn't good documentation on what files need to be loaded where or the layout of the filesystem on the NAND.

 

Are there any kernel parameters that need to be passed in differently for booting from a non-ramfs filesystem?  All examples are a bit vauge on this issue and not sure how to correct.

 

Are there any kernel modules that need to be added (or removed) to a working setup to allow the boot to work correctly when done via the external non-ramfs filesystem for root?  Again, no examples have really covered this yet everyone says it works PPC seems to be light-years ahead in the examples but ... sadly don't apply many times in our case. :-(

 

Looking forward to a solution! ;-)

 

James

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2011-06-30 01:38:19     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

Mike Frysinger (UNITED STATES)

Message: 101879   

 

booting a rootfs out of nand is no different from booting a rootfs out of any other device.  the filesystem layout is the same across them all.

 

the linux-2.6.x/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt file covers all command line options.  really there is just the standard "root=" and "rootfstype=" you need to worry about.

 

in order to boot off of a device, you need to have that driver built into the kernel.  modules play no role.  (there is the extended initramfs possibility of using modules to load a rootfs, but that's probably way beyond what you care about).

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2011-07-01 01:41:27     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

Aaron Wu (CHINA)

Message: 101948   

 

I just have a try on the BF548 ez-kit, looks like it's working fine.

 

bfin> set bootargs ubi.mtd=7 root=ubi0:ubifs1 rw rootfstype=ubifs earlyprintk=serial,uart1,57600 console=ttyBF1,57600

bfin>

bfin> bootm

## Booting kernel from Legacy Image at 01000000 ...

  Image Name:   -2.6.34.7-ADI-2010R1-svn9516

  Created:      2011-06-23   6:12:31 UTC

  Image Type:   Blackfin Linux Kernel Image (gzip compressed)

  Data Size:    7375133 Bytes = 7 MiB

  Load Address: 00001000

  Entry Point:  0033c8b4

  Verifying Checksum ... OK

  Uncompressing Kernel Image ... OK

Starting Kernel at = 0033c8b4

Linux version 2.6.34.7-ADI-2010R1-svn9516 (root@lab-desktop) (gcc version 4.3.5 (ADI-2010R1-RC4) ) #88 Thu Jun 23 14:12:21 CST 2011

register early platform devices

bootconsole [early_shadow0] enabled

bootconsole [early_BFuart1] enabled

early printk enabled on early_BFuart1

Board Memory: 64MB

Kernel Managed Memory: 64MB

Memory map:

fixedcode = 0x00000400-0x00000490

text      = 0x00001000-0x00223be0

rodata    = 0x00223be0-0x002e8100

bss       = 0x002e9000-0x003014dc

data      = 0x003014dc-0x0032a000

   stack   = 0x00328000-0x0032a000

init      = 0x0032a000-0x00da6000

available = 0x00da6000-0x03e00000

DMA Zone  = 0x03e00000-0x04000000

Hardware Trace Active and Enabled

Boot Mode: 1

Reset caused by Software reset

Blackfin support (C) 2004-2010 Analog Devices, Inc.

Compiled for ADSP-BF548 Rev 0.2

Blackfin Linux support by   blackfin.uclinux.org/

Processor Speed: 525 MHz core clock and 131 MHz System Clock

NOMPU: setting up cplb tables

Instruction Cache Enabled for CPU0

External memory: cacheable in instruction cache

L2 SRAM        : uncacheable in instruction cache

Data Cache Enabled for CPU0

External memory: cacheable (write-through) in data cache

L2 SRAM        : uncacheable in data cache

Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping off.  Total pages: 15748

Kernel command line: ubi.mtd=7 root=ubi0:ubifs1 rw rootfstype=ubifs earlyprintk=serial,uart1,57600 console=ttyBF1,57600

PID hash table entries: 256 (order: -2, 1024 bytes)

Dentry cache hash table entries: 8192 (order: 3, 32768 bytes)

Inode-cache hash table entries: 4096 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)

Memory available: 48944k/65536k RAM, (10736k init code, 2186k kernel code, 1050k data, 2048k dma, 572k reserved)

Hierarchical RCU implementation.

NR_IRQS:295

Configuring Blackfin Priority Driven Interrupts

Console: colour dummy device 80x25

console [ttyBF1] enabled, bootconsole disabled

console [ttyBF1] enabled, bootconsole disabled

Calibrating delay loop... 1044.48 BogoMIPS (lpj=2088960)

Mount-cache hash table entries: 512

Blackfin Scratchpad data SRAM: 4 KB

Blackfin L1 Data A SRAM: 16 KB (16 KB free)

Blackfin L1 Data B SRAM: 16 KB (16 KB free)

Blackfin L1 Instruction SRAM: 48 KB (42 KB free)

Blackfin L2 SRAM: 128 KB (128 KB free)

NET: Registered protocol family 16

Blackfin DMA Controller

ezkit_init(): registering device resources

bio: create slab <bio-0> at 0

SCSI subsystem initialized

spi spi0.2: Warning: SPI CPHA not set: Slave Select not under software control!

See Documentation/blackfin/bfin-spi-notes.txt

bfin-spi bfin-spi.0: Blackfin on-chip SPI Controller Driver, Version 1.0, regs_base@ffc00500, dma channel@4

bfin-spi bfin-spi.1: Blackfin on-chip SPI Controller Driver, Version 1.0, regs_base@ffc02300, dma channel@5

usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs

usbcore: registered new interface driver hub

usbcore: registered new device driver usb

i2c-bfin-twi i2c-bfin-twi.0: Blackfin BF5xx on-chip I2C TWI Contoller, regs_base@ffc00700

i2c-bfin-twi i2c-bfin-twi.1: Blackfin BF5xx on-chip I2C TWI Contoller, regs_base@ffc02200

Advanced Linux Sound Architecture Driver Version 1.0.22.1.

cfg80211: Calling CRDA to update world regulatory domain

musb_hdrc: version 6.0, pio, host, debug=0

musb_hdrc musb_hdrc.0: MUSB HDRC host driver

musb_hdrc musb_hdrc.0: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1

hub 1-0:1.0: USB hub found

hub 1-0:1.0: 1 port detected

musb_hdrc musb_hdrc.0: USB Host mode controller at ffc03c00 using PIO, IRQ 82

NET: Registered protocol family 2

IP route cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)

TCP established hash table entries: 2048 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)

TCP bind hash table entries: 2048 (order: 1, 8192 bytes)

TCP: Hash tables configured (established 2048 bind 2048)

TCP reno registered

UDP hash table entries: 256 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)

UDP-Lite hash table entries: 256 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)

NET: Registered protocol family 1

Slow work thread pool: Starting up

Slow work thread pool: Ready

msgmni has been set to 95

alg: No test for stdrng (krng)

io scheduler noop registered (default)

bf54x-lq043: FrameBuffer initializing...

dma_alloc_init: dma_page @ 0x02df5000 - 512 pages at 0x03e00000

Console: switching to colour frame buffer device 80x24

bfin-otp: initialized

bfin-uart: Blackfin serial driver

bfin-uart.1: ttyBF1 at MMIO 0xffc02000 (irq = 48) is a BFIN-UART

brd: module loaded

register bfin atapi driver

scsi0 : pata-bf54x

ata1: PATA max UDMA/66 irq 68

physmap platform flash device: 02000000 at 20000000

physmap-flash.0: Found 1 x16 devices at 0x0 in 16-bit bank

Intel/Sharp Extended Query Table at 0x010A

Intel/Sharp Extended Query Table at 0x010A

Intel/Sharp Extended Query Table at 0x010A

Intel/Sharp Extended Query Table at 0x010A

Intel/Sharp Extended Query Table at 0x010A

Using buffer write method

Using auto-unlock on power-up/resume

cfi_cmdset_0001: Erase suspend on write enabled

RedBoot partition parsing not available

Using physmap partition information

Creating 3 MTD partitions on "physmap-flash.0":

0x000000000000-0x000000080000 : "bootloader(nor)"

0x000000080000-0x000000480000 : "linux kernel(nor)"

0x000000480000-0x000001000000 : "file system(nor)"

m25p80 spi0.1: m25p16 (2048 Kbytes)

Creating 2 MTD partitions on "m25p80":

0x000000000000-0x000000080000 : "bootloader(spi)"

0x000000080000-0x000000200000 : "linux kernel(spi)"

BF5xx on-chip NAND FLash Controller Driver, Version 1.2 (c) 2007 Analog Devices, Inc.

bf5xx-nand bf5xx-nand.0: data_width=8, wr_dly=3, rd_dly=3

NAND device: Manufacturer ID: 0x20, Chip ID: 0xda (ST Micro NAND 256MiB 3,3V 8-bit)

Creating 3 MTD partitions on "NAND 256MiB 3,3V 8-bit":

0x000000000000-0x000000080000 : "bootloader(nand)"

0x000000080000-0x000000c80000 : "linux kernel(nand)"

0x000000c80000-0x000010000000 : "file system(nand)"

UBI: attaching mtd7 to ubi0

UBI: physical eraseblock size:   131072 bytes (128 KiB)

UBI: logical eraseblock size:    129024 bytes

UBI: smallest flash I/O unit:    2048

UBI: sub-page size:              512

UBI: VID header offset:          512 (aligned 512)

UBI: data offset:                2048

ata1.00: ATA-7: FUJITSU MHW2040AT, 0000000B, max UDMA/100

ata1.00: 78140160 sectors, multi 16: LBA

ata1.00: configured for UDMA/66

blk_queue_max_segments: set to minimum 1

scsi 0:0:0:0: Direct-Access     ATA      FUJITSU MHW2040A 0000 PQ: 0 ANSI: 5

sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] 78140160 512-byte logical blocks: (40.0 GB/37.2 GiB)

sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write Protect is off

sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write cache: enabled, read cache: enabled, doesn't

support DPO or FUA

sda: sda1

sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Attached SCSI disk

UBI: attached mtd7 to ubi0

UBI: MTD device name:            "file system(nand)"

UBI: MTD device size:            243 MiB

UBI: number of good PEBs:        1946

UBI: number of bad PEBs:         2

UBI: max. allowed volumes:       128

UBI: wear-leveling threshold:    4096

UBI: number of internal volumes: 1

UBI: number of user volumes:     2

UBI: available PEBs:             1597

UBI: total number of reserved PEBs: 349

UBI: number of PEBs reserved for bad PEB handling: 19

UBI: max/mean erase counter: 7/1

UBI: image sequence number: 0

UBI: background thread "ubi_bgt0d" started, PID 357

smsc911x: Driver version 2008-10-21.

smsc911x-mdio: probed

eth0: attached PHY driver [Generic PHY] (mii_bus:phy_addr=0:01, irq=-1)

net eth0: MAC Address: 00:e0:22:fe:be:df

Initializing USB Mass Storage driver...

usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage

USB Mass Storage support registered.

input: bf54x-keys as /devices/platform/bf54x-keys/input/input0

rtc-bfin rtc-bfin: rtc core: registered rtc-bfin as rtc0

i2c /dev entries driver

bfin-wdt: initialized: timeout=20 sec (nowayout=0)

usbcore: registered new interface driver usbhid

usbhid: USB HID core driver

dma rx:0 tx:1, err irq:10, regs:ffc00800

AD1980 SoC Audio Codec

asoc: AC97 <-> bf5xx-ac97 mapping ok

ALSA device list:

#0: bf5xx-board (AD1980)

TCP cubic registered

NET: Registered protocol family 17

lib80211: common routines for IEEE802.11 drivers

rtc-bfin rtc-bfin: setting system clock to 1970-01-22 13:41:14 UTC (1863674)

Freeing unused kernel memory: 10736k freed

usb 1-1: new high speed USB device using musb_hdrc and address 2

                          _____________________________________

       a8888b.           / Welcome to the uClinux distribution \

      d888888b.         /       _     _                         \

      8P"YP"Y88        /       | |   |_|            __  __ (TM)  |

      8|o||o|88  _____/        | |    _ ____  _   _ \ \/ /       |

      8'    .88       \        | |   | |  _ \| | | | \  /        |

      8`._.' Y8.       \       | |__ | | | | | |_| | /  \        |

     d/      `8b.       \      \____||_|_| |_|\____|/_/\_\       |

    dP   .    Y8b.       \   For embedded processors including   |

   d8:'  "  `::88b        \    the Analog Devices Blackfin      /

  d8"         'Y88b        \___________________________________/

:8P    '      :888

  8a.   :     _a88P         For further information, check out:

._/"Yaa_:   .| 88P|            -   blackfin.uclinux.org/

\    YP"    `| 8P  `.          -   docs.blackfin.uclinux.org/

/     \.___.d|    .'           -   www.uclinux.org/

`--..__)8888P`._.'  jgs/a:f    -   www.analog.com/blackfin

 

Have a lot of fun...

 

 

BusyBox v1.16.2 (2011-05-09 15:20:10 CST) hush - the humble shell

 

root:/> ls

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2011-07-01 10:26:59     Re: Upgrading just kernel on NAND?

James Kosin (UNITED STATES)

Message: 101982   

 

Thanks Mike,

 

I'll give it another try when I have some time.

 

James

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