Good layout practices are of key importance when designing SigmaDSP system PCBs.
- First of all, a solid ground plane is a necessity in order to maintain signal integrity and minimize EMI radiation. If you have two ground planes, I would recommend using stitching vias spead evenly throughout the board in order to connect them.
- Power supply high frequency decoupling capacitors should be placed as close as possible to the respective power and ground pins, on the same side of the board as the SigmaDSP IC. There should be no vias between the pins and the decoupling caps. Please see the following excerpts from the ADAU144x datasheet for more detail.
- Typically, we use a single 100 nF capacitor for each power-ground pin pair. However, if there is excessive high frequency noise in the system, an additional 10 nF capacitor can be used in parallel. In that case, the 10 nF capacitor should be closest, and the thermal connections should be on the far side of the 100 nF capacitor.
- 10 uF capacitors should be used for each named supply (DVDD, AVDD, IOVDD, etc) in order to provide a current reservoir in case of sudden current spikes.
- If ferrite beads are desired for supply isolation, the beads should always be placed outside of the local high frequency decoupling capacitors, like in the following diagram. If the ferrite beads are instead placed between the supply pin and the decoupling capcitor, high frequency noise will be reflected back into the IC since it does not have a suitable return path to ground, and this will increase EMI and create noisy supplies.
- The proximity of components to the IC is important. Here is my suggested order of priority which should be followed when placing components. The top of the list begins with the components that should be placed closest to the IC (those in bold have highest priority), and the bottom of the list has the components that can (if absolutely necessary) be placed further away.
- 10 nF high frequency decoupling capacitors
- 100 nF high frequency decoupling capacitors
- PLL filter components
- Current reservoir capacitors
- ICs with exposed thermal paddles require extra attention during PCB design. A copper square matching the geometry of the exposed pad should be placed on all layers the PCB, with thermal vias connecting the layers in order to maximize heat transfer.
This FAQ was generated from the following discussion: in case of crash