FAQ: We have several AD8361s and all exhibit different levels of output voltage with no RF signal present. Is this normal?

Document created by CarlosC Employee on Nov 2, 2010Last modified by AndyR on Jan 31, 2012
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Q.

We have several AD8361s and all exhibit different levels of output voltage without any RF signal present.  Is this normal?

 

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A.

In this context, offset is defined as the output voltage level that the detector exhibits when no RF input is present.

 

The figure below shows the distribution of the output response vs. the input power for multiple devices. Below an RF input power of −21 dBm, the response of the AD8361 is no longer linear and begins to lose accuracy (see also figures 9 and 10 of the data sheet).  As the input power is reduced, the spread of the output response increases along with the error.

 

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Although some devices follow an ideal linear response at very low input powers, not all devices continue the ideal linear regression to a near 0 V y-intercept. Some devices exhibit output responses that rapidly decrease and some flatten out.  With no RF signal applied, the AD8361 has a typical output offset of less than 200 mV.

 

If calibration is possible, then it is recommended that points be used in the linear region of the device, avoiding the nonlinear range at low extremes (or the high extreme where saturation is an issue).  The AD8361 is accurate from about -20 dBm to 10 dBm (depending on supply, as shown in the data sheet).

 

Fortunately, despite having the device response fan out at the low power levels (i.e. follow the ideal, rapidly decrease, or flattened out), the response curve of the AD8361 remains monotonic.  The response follows a strictly increasing function and is even increasing (slowly) in the low power, nonlinear range.  This behavior permits level shifting as a way to hide the offset by moving the curve down (offset being held under GND) by way of an op-amp.

 

Derivative products follow similar offset behavior with typical output offset of less than 150 mV (ADL5500, ADL5501) or 100 mV (ADL5502, ADL5504, ADL5505).

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