### Q

About the output circuit of the AD9910 eval board , after a deeper analysis,there are several inconsistencies and items that you may need to be aware of

and I thought you'd find this discussion interesting and useful. I've

summarized in the attached file.

### A

1) 75 ohm transformer in a 50 ohm circuit: Here's the word fromAndrew@minicircuits.com: When you operate a 75 Ohm transformer in a 50 Ohm

system you should expect the operational bandwidth to be slightly shifted in

frequency. So if you are using the transformer in the specified central

frequency region, there should be no practical difference. We picked this part

because of its wide bandwidth (800MHz). Because it is not operated in a 75 ohm

system, we expect this BW to decrease somewhat (according to Mini-Circuits),

but it will still be far larger than all the Mini-Circuits 50 ohm transformers

we've found.

2) If you look at the transformer's datasheet (attached here), the primary has

no center-tap (i.e., pin 5 is not used) while the secondary does. Since we need

the DDS outputs to be biased, we operate the transformer "backwards" so that

the center-tap is on the DDS side of the circuit to provide this bias. That is,

we connect the transformer such that it's secondary windings act as the primary

and vica-versa. Because this is a 1:1 transformer, this can be done without any

strange effects. We grounded pin 5 because it shorts out a potential parasitic

signal input path and was easy to do.

3) With both sides of the DDS terminated in 50 ohms, the equivalent resistance

seen at the transformer input is 100 ohms. Since this is a 1:1 transformer,

this resistance is reflected to the output of the transformer. The

reconstruction filter sees a 100 ohm source resistance. However, the design of

filter assumed a 50 ohm source and load. Because of this, the frequency

response of the filter will not be what was intended. However, if you look at

the filter's simulated response (see attached Spice simulation), it hasn't

changed much. Compared to a 50 ohm source, the 100 ohm source allows a higher

output level (because the DDS is driving a higher impedance) but also has

slightly more ripple. Note that transformer bandwidth effects have not been

included nor has the ultimate attenuation limitations of PCB stray signal paths

& non-ideal grounding.

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